Central America is a region that is situated at the southern extremity of the North American continent.
It comprises 7 nations, namely, Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Panama.
Geographically, Central America is an isthmus that joins the continents of North America and South America.
To its west and south lies the Pacific Ocean; to its east and north lies the Caribbean Sea. This first map
of Central America depicts the region's nations, capital cities, and other major cities as well as adjacent
nations and bodies of water.
This next Central America map is a terrain map that shows the region's major physical features, land forms,
and bodies of water, as well as its countries, major cities, and highways.
Central American Nations
The table at right shows the capital cities, areas, and estimated populations (in 2016)
of the seven Central American nations. Data is sourced from a World Bank dataset
under a Creative Commons license.
a constitutional monarchy, is located between Mexico and
Guatemala, bordering the Caribbean Sea. Its terrain consists of
a flat, swampy coastal plain, with low mountains in the south.
The Republic of Costa Rica, or Republica de Costa Rica,
lies between Nicaragua and Panama, bordering both the Pacific Ocean and
the Caribbean Sea. Its two coastal plains are separated by rugged
mountains, including several major volcanoes.
The Republic of El Salvador, or Republica de El Salvador, is located
between Guatemala and Honduras, along the Pacific Ocean coastline.
Its terrain is mostly mountainous, with a narrow coastal plain and a
The Republic of Guatemala, or Republica de Guatemala, borders the
Pacific Ocean between Mexico and El Salvador, and borders the Caribbean
Sea between Belize and Honduras. Its mountainous interior yields
to narrow plains along the coasts and a rolling interior plateau in
The Republic of Honduras, or Republica de Honduras, borders the
Caribbean Sea between Guatemala and Nicaragua, and borders the Pacific
Ocean between El Salvador and Nicaragua. Its terrain consists of
a mountainous interior framed by narrow coastal plains.
The Republic of Nicaragua, or Republica de Nicaragua, is located
between Honduras and Costa Rica, with coastlines along the Caribbean Sea
and the Pacific Ocean. Its extensive coastal plains along the
Caribbean side yield to mountains in the northwestern interior and a
narrow coastal plain, dotted with volcanoes, along the Pacific Ocean.
See also Nicaragua.com.
The Republic of Panama, or Republica de Panama, is located between
Costa Rica and Columbia, with Caribbean Sea and Pacific Ocean
coastlines. Its terrain consists of rolling hills and plains along
the coasts, with rugged mountains and upland plains in the interior.